Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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II, 61ff
Relations/Relationships/Discourse/Foucault: are not themselves present in the object. They are not developed during an analysis. They do not determine the inner constitution of the object, but what allows it to appear.
Primary relations: one finally knows that there are relationships between the bourgeois family and judicial categories that can be analyzed for themselves.
Secondary relations: relationships formulated in discourse itself. The relations between primary and secondary relationships are the real relations of discourse.

Relations: the discursive relations are not internal to the discourse. They do not connect the terms and the words among each other. But they are also not external, they do not restrict the discourse and do not impose a form on it. They also characterize not the language, not the conditions of the discourse, but the discourse itself as practice.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Fouc I
M. Foucault
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994

Fouc II
Michel Foucault
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-24