Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Propositions, philosophy: propositions are defined as the meanings of sentences, whereby a sentence is interpreted as a character string, which must still be interpreted in relation to a situation or a speaker. E.g. “I am hungry” has a different meaning from the mouth of each new speaker. On the other hand, the sentence “I am hungry” from the mouth of the speaker, who first expressed the German sentence, has the same meaning as the German sentence uttered by him. See also meaning, propositional attitudes, identity conditions, opacity, utterances, sentences.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
II, 128ff
Statement/Proposition/Discourse/Foucault: There is no general, independent, neutral statement.
Proposition: An alphabet, construction rules or transformation rules of a formal system are required. Then one can define the first proposition of this language completely, but not the statement. There is no statement that requires no others. No first statement.

Statement: is that which places the units of meaning in a space in which they multiply.

Statement: must have material existence. Also time and space. Problems: Does each repetition form a new statement? Translation? Identity?

Fouc I
M. Foucault
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994

Fouc II
Michel Foucault
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981


> Counter arguments against Foucault
> Counter arguments in relation to Propositions



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25