|Propositions, philosophy: propositions are defined as the meanings of sentences, whereby a sentence is interpreted as a character string, which must still be interpreted in relation to a situation or a speaker. E.g. “I am hungry” has a different meaning from the mouth of each new speaker. On the other hand, the sentence “I am hungry” from the mouth of the speaker, who first expressed the German sentence, has the same meaning as the German sentence uttered by him. See also meaning, propositional attitudes, identity conditions, opacity, utterances, sentences._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Statement/Proposition/Discourse/Foucault: There is no general, independent, neutral statement.
Proposition: An alphabet, construction rules or transformation rules of a formal system are required. Then one can define the first proposition of this language completely, but not the statement. There is no statement that requires no others. No first statement.
Statement: is that which places the units of meaning in a space in which they multiply.
Statement: must have material existence. Also time and space. Problems: Does each repetition form a new statement? Translation? Identity?_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981