|Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification.|
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Order/Foucault: 18th century, Classic: Theory of representations, tableaux, things are signs, (i.e., are seen as constant, not variable, are pushed back and forth in the tableau). Historyless, features, similarity, appearance.
19th century, historicity isolates things, imposes order functions on things, human enters into thinking for the first time. Being of things, function analysis, identity/difference.
Order/Foucault: the order is established without reference to an external unity.
Sign: the formation of the sign is not separable from the analysis. By the sign that stretches endlessly on the surface, the world becomes capable of order from one end to the other.
The sign no longer has the function to give an understanding, but to divide.
Occidental reason enters into the age of judgment. There is analysis and combinatorics. (17th century)
Analogy and sequence (19th century): no more identity of elements, but identity of the relationship between the elements. History gives the analogous organizations space.
Order: is built by the game of comparisons.
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981