|Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Order/Foucault: 18th century, Classic: Theory of representations, tableaux, things are signs, (i.e., are seen as constant, not variable, are pushed back and forth in the tableau). Historyless, features, similarity, appearance.
19th century, historicity isolates things, imposes order functions on things, human enters into thinking for the first time. Being of things, function analysis, identity/difference.
Order/Foucault: the order is established without reference to an external unity.
Sign: the formation of the sign is not separable from the analysis. By the sign that stretches endlessly on the surface, the world becomes capable of order from one end to the other.
The sign no longer has the function to give an understanding, but to divide.
Occidental reason enters into the age of judgment. There is analysis and combinatorics. (17th century)
Analogy and sequence (19th century): no more identity of elements, but identity of the relationship between the elements. History gives the analogous organizations space.
Order: is built by the game of comparisons._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Les mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines , Paris 1966 - The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, New York 1970
Die Ordnung der Dinge. Eine Archäologie der Humanwissenschaften Frankfurt/M. 1994
l’Archéologie du savoir, Paris 1969
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981