Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ontology: is the set of material or immaterial objects, of which a theory assumes that it can make statements about them. According to classical logic, an existence assumption must be assumed. In other fields of knowledge, the question of whether relations really exist or are merely mental constructs, is not always regarded as decisive as long as one can work with them. Immaterial objects are e.g. linguistic structures in linguistics. See also existence, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, theoretical terms, reality, metaphysics, semantic web.
 
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Books on Amazon
I 322ff
Ontology/Tradition/Foucault: life belonged to an ontology that was concerned in the same way with the material, the extent, the heavy and the subject subjected to movement.

Ontology/new: since Cuvier the living escapes the general laws of the extended being. The biological being becomes regional and autonomous. The classical continuity of being and nature is broken. Double space: anatomical, physiological. Uniform control no longer through the possibility of being, but of the living conditions.

Fouc I
M. Foucault
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994

Fouc II
Michel Foucault
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27