|Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Rationality/Reason/Science/Theory/Feyerabend: in the time of Galileo the church stuck much more closely to reason than Galileo did himself, and it also considered the ethical and social consequences of the Galilean teachings. Its judgment against Galileo was rational and just, and its revision can only be justified in a politically opportunist way.
Church/Galileo/Feyerabend: the church was by no means dogmatic. It did not say: what is contrary to the Bible, as we understand it, is false. It did not push aside scientific truths, but they were rather used to review traditional conceptions about the meaning of certain passages from the Bible. For example, there are many passages where the earth is clearly described as flat. Nevertheless, the conception of the sphericity of the earth was an integral part of the Church's teachers from the eleventh century on.
The church, however, wanted precise evidence, not vague assumptions (e.g. poor observations with the telescope). Therefore, Galileo was forbidden in the process to present the Copernican doctrine as truth! But he was allowed to use it as a hypothesis!
Galileo/Feyerabend: had only contempt for people who could not rise to the fine regions of mathematical thought with him: "the uneducated mob." He appears less open-minded than the Church.
Cardinal Bellarmine/Feyerabend: one must be very careful about authors who claim that the sun is in the center. Perhaps we do not understand them.
Duhem/Feyerabend: logic was on the side of Cardinal Bellarmine and not on the side of Galileo. Only the former had understood the experimental method.
Church/Galileo/Feyerabend the church was probably right to point out that the "uneducated mob", which also consists of people, should not be disturbed by unfounded claims.
Press/Public: even today, press releases without evidence are considered a mortal sin. Against such an approach modern science reacts with the sharpest tools available to it._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979