Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Logic: logic is the doctrine of the admissibility or inadmissibility of relations between statements and thus the validity of the compositions of these statements. In particular, the question is whether conclusions can be obtained from certain presuppositions such as premises or antecedents. Logical formulas are not interpreted at first. Only the interpretation, i. e. the insertion of values, e.g. objects instead of the free variables, makes the question of their truth meaningful.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
I 194
Logic/Theory/Observation/Feyerabend: good ideas can become endangered by bad test procedures. Then a purely logical method, which puts all sentences on the same level, is naïve and hinders progress. Marx saw this clearly.
I 337
Logic/Feyerabend: there is a dogma that all areas, how ever they may be composed, entirely obey the laws of logic.
FeyerabendVs: if this were correct, the anthropological fieldwork would, of course, be superfluous. But it is not clear why the different areas should have a uniform logic. They do not merely provide different interpretations of one and the same set of logical "facts," but different "facts".
In addition, there are statements that obviously contradict logic: E.g. illusions.

I 389
Methodology/Logic/Feyerabend: exclude too much, they are too narrow. In between lies the ever-changing kingdom of human ideas and desires.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Feyerabend I
Paul Feyerabend
Against Method. Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, London/New York 1971
German Edition:
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Feyerabend II
P. Feyerabend
Science in a Free Society, London/New York 1982
German Edition:
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-05-28
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