|Falsification: experimental or logical refutation of a general or a specific statement. Depending on the nature of the statement, there are differences in terms of whether a single counterexample is sufficient for a falsification, or a certain ratio of positive and negative cases is crucial. See also verification, verificationism, confirmation, Bayesianism, probability, hypotheses, theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Einstein/Popper/Feigl: FeyerabendVsPopper: Popper and Feigl have tried to turn Einstein into a naïve falsificationist. In reality, Einstein puts "the reason of the matter" above the "verification by small effects". "... if no light deflection or perihelion movement were known at all, the theory would be convincing because it avoids the inertial system."
Falsification/FeyerabendVsPopper: that new observations refuted old ones and thus forced the construction of a new astronomy is certainly not right for Copernicus. A process as complex as the "Copernican Revolution" is not based on a single principle.
Theory/Feyerabend: confirmed theories are not so much refuted by experiments as by contradictory other theories.
Falsifiability/FeyerabendVsPopper: the criterion loses its meaning in a world in which ideas are firmly connected with the corresponding facts. Here, the stability of the so designated results (in a fixed framework) takes the place of their falsifiability._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979