|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|John Dupré Gespräche mit Affen Reflexionen über die wissenschaftliche Erforschung der Sprache in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg.) Der Geist der Tiere, Frankfurt 2005
Perler I 325
Language/Evolution/Dupré: three theories: - 1. Pinker: thesis: language is younger, there is a difference between human and animal - 2. P. Greenfield: Language and tool use have a common basis - hierarchically structured tasks of object manipulation - neural basis - 3. Ethology (Evolution of behavior):
Language as an adaptation to a process - it is still related to animal communication - homologous (common precursors) - language is not a reaction to present stimuli - it also does not do information processing - big difference to humans - pro: allows to distinguish between older and younger characteristics._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005