|Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Cresswell II 163
Knowledge/Dretske/Cresswell: (Dretske 1983) very strong thesis: what we know and are able to do, is limited by what we can differentiate. (Distinguishing ability limits possible knowledge).
Cresswell: but that is compatible with my theses.
Dretske: For example: Suppose, dolphins can recognize cylinders as shapes. By chance, they only saw plastic cylinders. Or perhaps all cylindrical objects are made of plastic coincidentally. This would not show that the dolphin has acquired the term "plastic".
Dretske: (p. 17): but this applies only to simple concepts, not to composite concepts.
Cresswell: that's surprising!_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Minimal Rationality", in: S. L. Hurley and M. Nudds (Eds.) Rational Animals?, Oxford 2005
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005
Naturalizing the Mind Cambridge 1997
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984