Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.
 
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Pauen I 226
Information/Causality/Dretske/Fodor/Pauen: Both authors assume a direct connection between information and causality.
Factor A contains information about a fact B, if and only if B is the cause of the occurrence of A.
Problem: Intentionality in the absence of the object: E.g. Unicorn. E.g. confusion of cats and cows, cows as the trigger of cat imaginations.

Dret I
F. Dretske
Naturalizing the Mind Cambridge 1997

Pau I
M. Pauen
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001


> Counter arguments against Dretske
> Counter arguments in relation to Information



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25