John Dewey on Psychology - Dictionary of Arguments
Suhr I 31
Education/Tradition: Knowledge comes from the outside and needs to be trained or drilled. Authority of the elders rules. It is ultimately divine revelation. "Ability".
Education/Psychology/Dewey: Children are already equipped with knowledge and only need to be awakened. Interest needs not to be controlled.
Psychology of abilities: ability psychology is the doctrine that the human possesses different abilities, e.g. memory, reason, accuracy, the ability to distinguish, imagination, etc.
Each ability is allegedly a separate existing characteristic. E.g. the ability of remembering remembers itself, not the person remembers something. Every ability can and must be exercised on its own, irrespective of its content.
Biological Psychology/Dewey: (goes back to William James): biological psychology focuses on the biological interaction with the environment. The child is a self, not simply an intelligent animal. It has goals. The child is always active.
Education/Psychology/Dewey: All dualistic theories of education have in common that they regard the goal as fundamentally finished and see a dynamic only in the fact that either the substance determines the form, or the form the substance. (Either the mind the world or the world the mind.)
Abilities/DeweyVsAbility psychology: There is no "ability per se", but only in connection with a task!
Forces are the results of the employment of congenital tendencies with certain contents.
Def Education/Dewey: Education is constant reconstruction. The reorganization of experience which increases its importance and increases the ability to guide the course of the following experience._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Essays in Experimental Logic Minneola 2004
John Dewey zur Einführung Hamburg 1994