|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
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Causality/Dewey: there are interacting fields in nature, which are not isolated but also not homogeneous:
1. Mathematically mechanical
3. Communitization, communication, participation
There is no causal link between these fields, just as youth is not the cause of adulthood.
Essays in Experimental Logic Minneola 2004