Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Behavior, philosophy: behavior ist the set of observable changes in the describable state of living organisms that are initiated by these organisms themselves, or which are a reaction to external stimuli, in which there is a certain choice of the reaction. Flanking thoughts do not belong to behavior, since an arbitrary extension of the frame of reference would make a determination of the behavior impossible. See also behaviorism, psychology, mentalism, naturalism, observation.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 92
Genes have made animals active risk-taking vehicle.
I 95
Behavior/genes/Dawkins: (Behavior in this chapter is physical behavior) Genuine protection of the genes is only possible if the time of muscle contraction is somehow coordinated with the outside world.
I 95
As an intermediary, the genes first had to invent the brain.
I 96
Behavior/intention/machine/Dawkins: it is not difficult to speak of machines that behave as if they had an intention. We can leave the question open.
Basically, the principles of unconscious purposeful behavior are basic skills of engineering. E.g. steam engine. Negative feedback.
I 98
It is a fallacy that machines that were originally built by humans would have to be controlled by them. Similar fallacy, for example, that computers do not really play chess, because they "merely do what the operator tells them". But they must be able to play themselves, because there are more chess games than atoms in our galaxy.
I 111
Behavior/brain/gene/Dawkins: the brain even gives the survival machine the power to rebel against the dictation of the genes and, for example, to refuse to have many children.
I 116
Behavior/communication/Dawkins: we can say that one survival machine is communicating with another when it affects their behavior or the condition of their nervous system. ((s) MaturanaVs: the central nervous system (CNS) cannot, for example, be influenced by anything from outside).
Behavior: e.g. mole crickets sing in a hole in the earth, which amplifies their voice.
I 152
Population/behavior/Dawkins: it may appear as if a population acted like a self-regulating unit. But that is a deception: it is aroused by a selection that takes place at the level of the individual gene.
I 153
Egoistic gene/Dawkins: Distributes its loyalty to different bodies.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Da I
R. Dawkins
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996

M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-25