|Nature, philosophy: nature is usually defined as the part of reality that was not made or designed by humans. No properties can be attributed to nature. E.g. since contradiction is ultimately a language problem, one can say that nature cannot be contradictory. Not all forms of necessity can be attributed to nature, e.g. non-logical necessity and unnecessary existence. See also de re, de dicto, necessity de re, existence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Game/Nature/Dawkins: Nature often has the role of "bank" in the game (the strategy game for survival). Thus, one individual can benefit from the success of another. It is not a zero-sum game.
Nature/Prisoner Dilemma/Dawkins: E.g. bacterial parasites and host are constantly playing prisoners. Without making conscious choices.
E.g. in the case of injuries harmless bacteria can become "mean". That is opportunism. The injured person has a shorter "shadow of the future"!_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996
M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993