Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Nature, philosophy: nature is usually defined as the part of reality that was not made or designed by humans. No properties can be attributed to nature. E.g. since contradiction is ultimately a language problem, one can say that nature cannot be contradictory. Not all forms of necessity can be attributed to nature, e.g. non-logical necessity and unnecessary existence. See also de re, de dicto, necessity de re, existence.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 356
Game/Nature/Dawkins: Nature often has the role of "bank" in the game (the strategy game for survival). Thus, one individual can benefit from the success of another. It is not a zero-sum game.
I 364
Nature/Prisoner Dilemma/Dawkins: E.g. bacterial parasites and host are constantly playing prisoners. Without making conscious choices.
E.g. in the case of injuries harmless bacteria can become "mean". That is opportunism. The injured person has a shorter "shadow of the future"!

Da I
R. Dawkins
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996

Da II
M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23