|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.|
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Information/Code/Feedback/Reaction/Understanding/Dawkins: E.g. Science fiction novel "A for Andromeda", Fred Hoyle: the inhabitants of Andromeda send signals to the earth that prompt the humans to construct a computer to suppress them. When they realize it, they destroy the computer in time.
Question: In what sense could it be said that the inhabitants of Andromeda manipulated events on Earth? They could not even know that the computer was built, because the signals travelled for 200 years. So they built a computer that made the decisions for them.
Analogy: Genes must also build a brain.
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996
M. St. Dawkins
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993