|Coincidence: coincidence is not the absence of a causal explanation, but the coinciding of several events, which were caused by independent causal chains. The determination of a coincidence belongs to the description level and may express the deviation from an expectation. The property of being accidental is not inherent to events. See also determinism, indeterminism, contingency, necessity, probability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Gould II 329
According to Darwin, chance could not provide the order that is so obvious in our world. The groups of individuals must first develop a large number of inheritable variations to provide the raw material for later influences.
The opponents of Darwin always bring the same litany: Darwin must be wrong: the order cannot arise from chance. (E.g., KoestlerVsDarwin)
But that is precisely what Darwin never claimed. Chance only produces the raw material.
Gould: the newer evolutionary theory moves away from the strict Darwinism that has prevailed over the last 30 years.
Chance is perhaps not only at work in the generation of the variations: it could also be an equally important part of the evolutionary change.
Chance has a bad reputation, which is due to the role Darwin assigned to it in the production of the raw material.
Chance is a candidate as bearer of evolutionary change, but does not threaten natural selection in the area of adaptation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
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