Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Gould II 329
According to Darwin, chance could not provide the order that is so obvious in our world. The groups of individuals must first develop a large number of inheritable variations to provide the raw material for later influences.
The opponents of Darwin always bring the same litany: Darwin must be wrong: the order cannot arise from chance. (E.g., KoestlerVsDarwin)
But that is precisely what Darwin never claimed. Chance only produces the raw material.

Gould: the newer evolutionary theory moves away from the strict Darwinism that has prevailed over the last 30 years.
Chance is perhaps not only at work in the generation of the variations: it could also be an equally important part of the evolutionary change.

II 330
Chance has a bad reputation, which is due to the role Darwin assigned to it in the production of the raw material.
Chance is a candidate as bearer of evolutionary change, but does not threaten natural selection in the area of ‚Äč‚Äčadaptation.
Link to abbreviations/authors

> Counter arguments against Darwin
> Counter arguments in relation to Coincidence

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23