Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Search  
 
Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Gould I 189
Darwin took the view that the fossil finds were extremely incomplete.
The history of most fossil species includes two characteristics which are especially difficult to reconcile with the theory of gradual change.
I 190
1) Stasis: Most species show little change in one or another direction during their presence on Earth.
2) Sudden Appearance: In all spheres of life, species do not appear on the basis of incessant changes in their predecessors, but suddenly and "fully developed".
---
Mayr V 160
How-Questions/Mayr: immediate function led to the discovery of most natural laws.

Why-Questions/Darwin/Mayr: historical, evolutionary, indirect. Why-questions were only scientifically legitimized by Darwin. He thus introduced the entire natural history into science.
As shown in Fig.
Dennett I 293
"Why"-Questions/Dennett: Need to be asked. Darwin showed us how to answer them. (>Purpose, cause).
Dennett I 421
Extrapolation/DennettVsGould: the extrapolationism is not represented as foolishly "pure" as Gould assumes. It was also represented by Darwin himself, but he was eager to distinguish himself from those kinds of catastrophic theories that were in the way of the theory of evolution e.g. flood, Bible.

Ma
E. Mayr
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998

Den I
D. Dennett
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Den II
D. Dennett
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999


> Counter arguments against Darwin
> Counter arguments in relation to Method



> Suggest your own contribution | > Suggest a correction | > Export as BibTeX Datei
 
Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25