|Similarity: conformity of one or more - but not all - properties of two or more objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Mayr V 190
Similarity: Darwin counts it among the classification criteria, because there is no absolutely direct relationship between branching and divergence.
In some trunks, all branches diverge about to the same extent.
Language/Evolution: also languages evolve, but not adaptively, but stochastically!E.g. When the Anglo-Saxons colonized the British Isles, they did not have to adapt the language to the climate. The consideration of ecological factors and their effects on the phenotype characterize a Darwinian classification.
Similarity/Mayr: must be ascertained as a first step, then the genealogy._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998