Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Systems, philosophy of science: systems are compilations of rules for the formation of statements on a previously defined subject domain. Apart from the - usually recursive - rules for the combination of expressions or signs, the specification of the vocabulary or sign set of the system is also required. See also axioms, axiom systems, theories, strength of theories, expressiveness, rules, order, recursion, models, structure, system theory.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon:
David Chalmers
I 247
System/Function/Functional Organization/Consciousness/Chalmers: which functional organization may be necessary for consciousness? And what is functional organization?
Definition Functional Organization/Chalmers:
1. A number of abstract components
2. For each component, a number of different possible states
3. A system of dependency relations that determine how the state of each component depends on previous states of all components and inputs in the system, and how outputs of the system depend on previous states of the components. The nature of the components and the states remain open.
I 248
Artificial Intelligence/Chalmers: Such an organization can be realized not only by the brain, but also by electronic systems.
Levels: such a system will have different levels, depending on how finely we distinguish the elements. If we want to assess cognition, we need at least a system that is able to change its own behavior.
I 249
Definition Principle of organizational invariance/Chalmers: a system with the ability of conscious experiences will have qualitatively identical experiences if the fine-grained organizational structure remains the same. ((s) VsChalmers: Only if the inputs remain the same and the system has no time register.)
Chalmers: that's what I call my non-reductive functionalism. It can be viewed as a kind of combination of functionalism and property dualism.
VsChalmers: 1. Some authors believe that there must be a certain biochemical equipment to make consciousness possible so that there will be no conscious electronic systems.
2. Other authors believe that robots may have consciousness but that their experiences will not be comparable to ours. (> Lack of Qualia).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Cha I
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996

Cha II
D. Chalmers
Constructing the World Oxford 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-23