|Reductionism, philosophy: reductionism is a collective term for attempts, to either trace back statements in a subject area to statements from a sub-area of this subject area or equating statements of a subject area with statements of another subject area. The main point here is the justification of such transfers. Reductionism in the narrower sense is the thesis that reduction is possible. Typical reductionisms exist in the domain of the philosophy of mind. See also holism, eliminativism, materialism, physicalism, functionalism.|
Books on Amazon:
Reductionism/Chalmers: there is good reason to believe that almost everything in the world can be reductively explained; but consciousness may be an exception.
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014