|Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.|
Books on Amazon:
Learning/Remembrance/Functionalism/Chalmers: although functionalism does not explain consciousness and its phenomenological side ("how it is"), it can explain other aspects such as learning, memory, and perhaps consciousness very well.
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014