|Epistemology, philosophy: examines the conditions for the emergence of knowledge and the basis for justification and confirmation. Epistemology cannot explain special cases in which someone who has less information may give more correct answers. See also knowledge, theory, justification, confirmation, reliability.|
Books on Amazon:
Epistemology/Chalmers: For example, suppose there is a possible world that is physically indistinguishable from our actual world, but biologically distinguishable - would that raise radical epistemological problems?
How would we know then that we were not in the other world instead of our own? The other world might look the same, but be physically different. No investigation, however precise, could ascertain this.
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014