|Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Knowledge/Pain/Skepticism/Nonfactualism/Fact/Putnam: We can easily see that the specific facts which are related to when we say "know" and when not, are not simply "pragmatic" in the sense of an antithesis to assumed "semantic" properties of the ordinary language.
If we assume that it is possible to speak in any context of "knowledge" in an assertive sense, the skeptic will win by asking for proofs which we cannot give.
Stroud: "claiming meaning" = "literary use" of "knowledge". (Terminology). That is, that questions like "What are your proofs" are appropriate.
Knowledge/Putnam: the language games with "know" in the claiming function succeed precisely because there are contexts in which the word "know" is meaningless! (> Moore's hands).
Cavell II St. Cavell Müssen wir meinen was wir sagen? aus Grewendorf/Meggle Linguistik und Phil. Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Knowledge/Situation/Cavell: it happens that we know everything about a situation but do not know "what is x?" This question then becomes very puzzling, precisely in the sense in which the whole of philosophy is puzzling.
We must remember (with Socrates) what we would normally say.
"What would we say here?" is the same as "What is the situation?"_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002