Dictionary of Arguments

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Lexicon, linguistics, philosophy: the dictionary in which the vocabulary of a language is listed stands in contrast to the rules.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Cavell II St. Cavell Müssen wir meinen was wir sagen? aus Grewendorf/Meggle Linguistik und Phil. Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995

II 190
Lexicon/Language/Meaning/Cavell: e.g. we want to know what "Umiak" means and look into the lexicon. What do we do? We cannot discover anything about the world here. It is also not a characteristic process of learning.
Before we took the lexicon, we knew everything about the word, so to speak, but not what we were supposed to associate with it. We knew already what a noun is, how to name an item and look up a word, what boats are, and what an Eskimo is. In fact, we have brought the world to the lexicon!
The opposite route is necessary if, for example, we discover a small boat in Alaska we have never seen before. (> book to identify birds Vs lexicon).
Question: What is it or how is it called?
II 191
Cavell: How you can find out depends on what you already know.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Cav I
St. Cavell
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002

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