|Lexicon, linguistics, philosophy: the dictionary in which the vocabulary of a language is listed stands in contrast to the rules.|
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|Cavell II St. Cavell Müssen wir meinen was wir sagen? aus Grewendorf/Meggle Linguistik und Phil. Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Lexicon/Language/Meaning/Cavell: e.g. we want to know what "Umiak" means and look into the lexicon. What do we do? We cannot discover anything about the world here. It is also not a characteristic process of learning.
Before we took the lexicon, we knew everything about the word, so to speak, but not what we were supposed to associate with it. We knew already what a noun is, how to name an item and look up a word, what boats are, and what an Eskimo is. In fact, we have brought the world to the lexicon!
The opposite route is necessary if, for example, we discover a small boat in Alaska we have never seen before. (> book to identify birds Vs lexicon).
Question: What is it or how is it called?
Cavell: How you can find out depends on what you already know.
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002