Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Kripke's Wittgenstein: Interpretation by Saul A. Kripke of a problem by L. Wittgenstein in connection with the rule series. Kripke extends Wittgenstein's doubts about the security with which we judge our own opinion. If we only believe to follow rules, we do not know for sure what we mean by addition. From a finite series of cases in the past, no certainty about future cases can be gained. The core of the problem is, according to Kripke, that there are no facts that determine the importance of our own beliefs.
 
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I 216
Kripke's Wittgenstein: nothing can be meant, because no rule and no presence controls the meaning of words - there is no fact, due to which a word means something - Solution: Implementation of socially controlled assertibility conditions.
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I 216
Kripke's Wittgenstein/Cavell: skeptical paradox: nothing, no rule, no present can control the meaning of my words. This is the end of the possibility of meaning something at all.
Solution: Introduction of socially sanctioned assertibility conditions.
Kripke: Main point: the absence of meaning-imparting facts.
CavellVsKripke: 1. probably Wittgenstein himself did not see the paradox like this. He would also not ask for such facts as to guarantee the meaning and which should be more stable than our practice.
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I 217
CavellVsKripke: 2. Kripke goes unintentionally from "inclined to" to "be entitled to" about:
Wittgenstein: "If I have exhausted the reasoning, I am inclined to say .."
Kripke (unlike Wittgenstein) seems to believe that agreement is something like a contract.
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I 218
Its solution is more skeptical than the problem that is to solve it.
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I 220
Kripke's Wittgenstein/Cavell: for Kripke, rules are more fundamental than criteria for Wittgenstein's skepticism against meanings.
CavellVsKripke: the problem of the ordinary remains underexposed.
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I 221
For me, the rules are subordinated to the criteria.
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I 233
Kripke's Wittgenstein/CavellVsKripke: Solution: it is about whether the newcomer accepts what Emerson calls conformism, or not. It is about the permanent crisis of a society that believes itself to be based on consensus.
When the child is marginalized as crazy, it is both the power of a society and its powerlessness.
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I 243
Kripke's Wittgenstein/CavellVsKripke: I do not think his reading is wrong, I doubt his need. If so, the problem needs to be redesigned. +...

Cav I
St. Cavell
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002


> Counter arguments against Cavell
> Counter arguments in relation to Kripke’s Wittgenstein



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29