|Use theory, philosophy of language: the term was formed following a thesis of L. Wittgenstein in his Philosophical Investigations, § 43. (Original in German) You can explain the use of the word "meaning" for a large class of cases - though not in all cases of its use - as the meaning of a word is its use in the language." - This thesis applies to words and cannot be extended to whole sentences. See also use, word meaning, sentence meaning, language acquisition, meaning theory, reference.|
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|Cavell II St. Cavell Müssen wir meinen was wir sagen? aus Grewendorf/Meggle Linguistik und Phil. Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Meaning/Uses/Cavell's Use Theory: what the technical terms of mathematics and sciences mean, cannot be deduced by us from the way we use e.g. "mass" commonly.
To mean/Meaning/Use theory/Cavell: one could still say: "Some actions are voluntary, others are involuntary, so I can call them as I want!"
CavellVs: what we have to ask ourselves here is: in what kind of situation does it make no difference how I call a thing?
It is a difference whether we ask:
"What does x mean?" qnd "What does x really mean?".
The second is not a profound version of the first, but is expressed in another situation.
The most normal and the most profound utterances can only be understood when expressed in their natural contexts.
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002