|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Hacking I 356
Theory/Campbell: no tests (experiments) can be derived from the main clauses of a theory - theories are completed - two layers of clauses: 1) hypotheses: about a compilation of ideas that characterize the theory. 2) "Dictionary": statements about the relationship between these ideas and others - HackingVs: too linguistic - pro: Deduction is ultimately made by speculating_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
D. T. Campbell
Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research Boston 1966
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996