Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Self-consciousness, philosophy: self-consciousness is a form of consciousness that allows a localization of the thinking subject in the logical space. The prerequisite for self-consciousness is consciousness of external and internal processes as well as the ability to differentiate between these two sources of influences. See also identification, self-identification, self, I, consciousness, individuation, identity, person.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Tyler Burge on Self- Consciousness - Dictionary of Arguments

Frank I 688
Belief/Self-knowledge/Self-consciousness/Burge(1): Question: how can Self Knowledge be explained in an externalistic way? ("Knowing one's own thoughts").
Solution/Burge: To have a thought of the world, we do not need to know its individuation conditions.
For example, to believe in the twin earth that aluminum is a metal, we don't need to know the microstructure and we don't need to be able to distinguish aluminum from any other metal.
The reflective thought of Herrmann: "I think that aluminum is a metal" has partly the same conditions of individuation as the thought that aluminum is a metal.
Evans: similar: in self-attribution, the eyes are on the world, not inwardly on the internal conditions.
Example "Do you think there will be a third world war? The same external circumstances are relevant for this as for the question
Frank I 689
"Will there be a third world war?"
(s)Vs: for belief, however, conditions must be added! War can be on the doorstep without people realizing it. Someone might be more gullible than someone else.

1. Tyler Burge (1988a): Individualism and Self-Knowledge, in: The Journal of
Philosophy 85 (1988), 649-663

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Burge I
T. Burge
Origins of Objectivity Oxford 2010

Burge II
Tyler Burge
"Two Kinds of Consciousness"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-08-04
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