Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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First person, philosophy: this is about the question, how far the internal states of a subject are only accessible for this subject. Approaches that focus on the language assume that the acquisition of public language is a precondition for this access. They further claim that the access is not different in principal from the acces we have to others. See also privileged access, introspection, subjectivity, objectivity.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Tyler Burge

Frank I 687
Authority/First Person/Self-Knowledge/Burge: (pro Descartes) we have "basic self-knowledge". e.g. "I think (with exactly this thought) that writing requires concentration.
1) Does individualism result from the acceptance of this Cartesian conception?
2. How is certainty about one's own mental states possible for externalism (anti-individualism)?
Frank I 706
Self-Knowledge/Burge: the source of our strong epistemic claim is not that we know a lot of the objects or that we know the circumstances (enabling conditions) particularly well, but arises from the nature and function of self-evaluating judgments.
For example, if we consider that there is no water at all, we consider our position unjustly from the perspective of a third person.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Burge I
T. Burge
Origins of Objectivity Oxford 2010

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-24