Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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First person, philosophy: this is about the question, how far the internal states of a subject are only accessible for this subject. Approaches that focus on the language assume that the acquisition of public language is a precondition for this access. They further claim that the access is not different in principal from the acces we have to others. See also privileged access, introspection, subjectivity, objectivity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon:
Tyler Burge
Frank I 687
Authority/First Person/Self-Knowledge/Burge: (pro Descartes) we have "basic self-knowledge". e.g. "I think (with exactly this thought) that writing requires concentration.
Problem:
1) Does individualism result from the acceptance of this Cartesian conception?
2. How is certainty about one's own mental states possible for externalism (anti-individualism)?
Frank I 706
Self-Knowledge/Burge: the source of our strong epistemic claim is not that we know a lot of the objects or that we know the circumstances (enabling conditions) particularly well, but arises from the nature and function of self-evaluating judgments.
For example, if we consider that there is no water at all, we consider our position unjustly from the perspective of a third person.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Burge I
T. Burge
Origins of Objectivity Oxford 2010

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-19