|Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility.|
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Metaphysics/Bubner: its climax in Hegel (after Kant's rejection) proclaimed the resumption of the ancient project. Renewal of metaphysics.
Provocation: that it is not opposed to science, but as a necessary perfection.
Metaphysics/Heidegger: Where does it come from? (HeideggerVsMetaphysics).
BubnerVsHeidegger: the question contradicts a philosophia perennis, which manages the eternal questions.
Where does the need to deal with so obviously empty questions like those about being come from?
Metaphysics/Bubner: 1. Thesis: it was by no means an eternal companion of mankind, but has developed as a task of philosophy in the face of special experiences.
The oldest documents of philosophy, on the one hand, are so profound, on the other, so unspecific that the metaphysics label does not fit.
Metaphysics/Ancient: first mentioned by Plato. The pre-Socratics, in his opinion, fail before the task of real understanding. So metaphysics arises.
Metaphysics/Bubner: Crisis in Descartes and Kant.
Skepticism/antiquity/Bubner: originally meant only accurate examination and judgment abstention (> Epoché)!
Metaphysics/Bubner: as the supreme knowledge of the powers of pure reason, it cannot proceed otherwise than dogmatically.
Thus skepticism is the natural enemy of metaphysics.
Metaphysics/Bubner: 3. Thesis: The Transcendental Revolution of Kant does not arise from a genius idea, but from the experience of the failure of metaphysics in its history so far. It serves the elimination of this lack and the insight into the efficiency of reason itself.
Metaphysics/Bubner: 4. Thesis: also the beginning of metaphysics is lead by an experience that brings the new discipline on the way. This is certainly not an experience with metaphysics, but an original experience, which involves knowledge when it is in pursuit of its intention diagnosing its lacks. Thus, metaphysics realizes a primal interest of all knowledge.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992