Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism.
 
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Chisholm II = Klaus Hedwig Brentano und Kopernikus in Philosophische Aus├Ątze zu Ehren Roderick M. Chisholm Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg (Hg), Amsterdam 1986

Chisholm II 257
Definition Reism/Brentano: his reistic ontology (late work) traces the being back to the "thing", the "res". Then abstractions, universals, negations, facts, forms, and fictions are not "things" in the strict sense.
Already for Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus "res" is a transcendental concept, which is convertible with the being (ens).

Brent I
F. Brentano
Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint (Routledge Classics) London 2014

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Chi III
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004


> Counter arguments against Brentano
> Counter arguments in relation to Realism



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25