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|Chisholm II = Johann Christian Marek Zum Programm einer Deskriptiven Psychologie in Philosophische Ausätze zu Ehren Roderick M. Chisholm Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg (Hg), Amsterdam 1986
Chisholm II 222
Descriptive psychology/Brentano/Marek: is an a priori science, not an empirical necessity. In this respect, it approaches Husserl's phenomenology.
Brentano, however, did not go so far as to speak of a knowledge of being.
The conceptual necessity is founded in thought, and not in the "unreal" entities themselves.
Definition descriptive psychology/Brentano: subdivision, does not replace the genetic, empirical investigations, but can serve as their basis.
Descriptive psychology: is responsible for the empirical, conceptual area (?).
Task: To determine the elements of consciousness and their connections. "Psychognosia". Their statements are a priori, not empirical.
To determine the parts of the soul phenomena. To determine separability or inseparability.
Consciousness is uniform, but therefore not something simple but composed.
Definition genetic psychology/Brentano: attempts to specify the conditions with which the individual phenomena are causally linked. Empirically.
Chisholm II 235
Psychology/Brentano/Baumgartner: central term: Remark, explicit perception.
Psychognosia/Brentano: pure psychology, while genetic psychology could be called a physiological psychology.
Psychognosia: exact science, captures its object directly.
Genetic psychognosia: is not exact science, since it also takes into account relations to e.g. chemical processes.
Descriptive psychology/perception/Brentano: "primary object": intentional reference to something. At the same time
Secondary object: because it refers to itself at the same time.
For example, someone who hears a sound is heard, has sound as the the primary object as the object of his idea. His hearing of the sound captures it as a secondary object of the idea at the same time. Self-reference next to the object reference. The own hearing is also perceived. Therefore the evident (inner) perception has a judicial character.
Note/Brentano: makes the parts of the consciousness and their relationship clear.
Accident/Substance/Psychology/Brentano: "all the psychic things we apperceive are composed. It is an accident which includes the soul-substance, or a plurality of accidents of the same substance, each of which contains them."
Baumgartner: Our substance is not doubled thereby. And it is not halved if one of the accidents is dispensed with._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint (Routledge Classics) London 2014
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004