Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ontology: is the set of material or immaterial objects, of which a theory assumes that it can make statements about them. According to classical logic, an existence assumption must be assumed. In other fields of knowledge, the question of whether relations really exist or are merely mental constructs, is not always regarded as decisive as long as one can work with them. Immaterial objects are e.g. linguistic structures in linguistics. See also existence, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, theoretical terms, reality, metaphysics, semantic web.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Franz Brentano

Chisholm II = Klaus Hedwig Brentano und Kopernikus in Philosophische Ausätze zu Ehren Roderick M. Chisholm Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg (Hg), Amsterdam 1986

Chisholm II 267
Ontology/Brentano/Hedwig: B. is sober: it is only "things" that are presented and recognized as "being". (No universals?).
Hedwig: precisely for this reason, it is surprising that Brentano calls fiction "useful" and "convenient" and "practical".
II 268
Brentano concedes to the Copernican, who speaks Ptolemy, a rethinking. The gap in Brentano is closed by thinking.
VsBrentano: the strength of this epistemology is also its weakness: sensory perception falls under the rule of a epistemological option.
Brentano: (already early): Mind and inner perception are to be evaluated completely analogously. (Vs Thomas Aquinas).
VsBrentano: Question: To what extent can the genetic origin of an idea motivated by an emotion be brought in itself epistemologically and made evident by this idea?
Brentano cannot do this, even if he refers back to the evidence of secondary consciousness. That is, that the psychic appears to be preceded by a field of affects which remains dark and cannot be recognized in itself,
II 269
but only in its effect on the act of cognition.
II 271
Ontology/Brentano: Being is synonymous with thing.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Brent I
F. Brentano
Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint (Routledge Classics) London 2014

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-25