|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Fractions I 8
Science/Theory/Richard Boyd/Putnam: (attributed to him by Putnam):
1. The terms of a mature science typically refer.
2. Accepted theories in mature science are typically approximately true.
3. The same term can refer to the same in different theories.
Fraasses: all of these are not definitions.
Truth/realism/Fraassen truth must, according to these statements, play an important role for the formulation of the realistic position. After that we can tentatively define:
Definition scientific realism/Fraassen: Science aims to deliver a literally true story of how the world is._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Philosophy of Science Cambridge 1991