Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Twin earth: is an expression from a thought experiment by H. Putnam (H. Putnam, The meaning of ‘meaning’, In Philosophical Papers, Vol. 2 Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge, 1985). It is assumed that there is a second earth, which resembles our own in every detail, except for the composition of the substance water. However, the twin earth-water has phenomenologically the same properties as our water and is also called water there. The example should show that we cannot determine the reference of expressions independently of the environment. See also reference, externalism, internalism, anti-individualism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Fodor IV 167
(Fodor/Lepore: extremely controversial!) Assumes that the the same intentional psychological explanations apply to the twins, not just the same neurological ones. (>Position).
Conceptual RoleCRT/Block: its advantage is to allow such an explanation.
IV 168
If Block argues here for the narrow content, he moves towards "individualism".
Lit.: (>Fodor: "A modal argument for narrow content").
HarmanVsBlock: Harman: "Wide functionalism": here the broad content is analyzed with regard to conceptual role.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Block I
N. Block
Consciousness, Function, and Representation: Collected Papers, Volume 1 (Bradford Books) Cambridge 2007

F/L
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-19