Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Holism: Holism is the assumption that the elements or the subject domain of a theory are accessible only with simultaneous availability of all elements or objects of this domain. It is also assumed that a change to an element does not exclude changes to all other elements at least. The statement "everything is connected with everything" is however a wrong characterization of the holism, since it is logically erroneous.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Fodor IV 163
Holism/Block/Fodor/Lepore: Block's argument is not transcendental like that of the other authors. He proposes a theory about what content is to then conclude that this theory must be holistic.
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Fodor IV 174
Holism/Semantics of the Conceptual Role/Conceptual Role Theory/CRT/Block: Thesis: the meaning of an expression is its role in the language.
Fodor/LeporeVsBlock: Problem: Dilemma: assuming there is no distinction between analytical/synthetic (a/s), we can conclude translation holism:
"The meaning of an expression is its entire role in the language". This was not good enough in the above and will not get better if it is used for CRT.
New: Block's conditions can only be met by a form of CRT that is either
a) incompatible with the (a/s) U, or
b) wrong for reasons which have nothing to do with holism.
So: 1) CRT is not well motivated, 2) it cannot serve as a reason for holism in its serious form.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Block I
N. Block
Consciousness, Function, and Representation: Collected Papers, Volume 1 (Bradford Books) Cambridge 2007

Block II
Ned Block
"On a confusion about a function of consciousness"
In
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996

F/L
Jerry Fodor
Ernest Lepore
Holism. A Shoppers Guide Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992

Fodor I
Jerry Fodor
"Special Sciences (or The Disunity of Science as a Working Hypothesis", Synthese 28 (1974), 97-115
In
Kognitionswissenschaft, Dieter Münch, Frankfurt/M. 1992

Fodor II
Jerry Fodor
Jerrold J. Katz
Sprachphilosophie und Sprachwissenschaft
In
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995

Fodor III
Jerry Fodor
Jerrold J. Katz
The availability of what we say in: Philosophical review, LXXII, 1963, pp.55-71
In
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-09-23
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