Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Reason, philosophy: reason (German “Vernunft”, prudence) is the ability to get insight. The concept of reason in this sense is distinguished in the German Idealism from the concept of reason in the sense of “Verstand” (subtlety), whereby the latter refers to the recognition of regularities and differences and the former refers to the justification of principles which are the basis of the regularities. See also mind, spirit, idealism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Francis Bacon on Reason - Dictionary of Arguments

Wilson I 38
Reason/Bacon/Wilson, E. O.: Bacon did not yet know the term psychology - it was first coined in 1653. Nevertheless, he understood their crucial importance for scientific research and all other kinds of scholarship. He developed an intuitive understanding of the flow of mental processes of knowledge and how they can best be systematized (...).
Bacon: the human mind is not pure light, but it suffers an influence from the will and feelings; this generates that "science for what you want".
Bacon: the mind is not a wax tablet. You cannot write anything new on a blackboard until you have rubbed off the old, but in your mind you cannot erase the old, unless you overwrite it with the new.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

WilsonEO I
E. O. Wilson
Consilience. The Unity of Knowledge, New York 1998
German Edition:
Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge New York 1998


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-10-06
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