|Experiment: artificial bringing about of an event or artificial creation of a state for testing a hypothesis. Experiments can lead to the reformulation of the initial hypotheses and the reformulation of theories. See also theories, measuring, science, hypotheses, Bayesianism, confirmation, events, paradigm change, reference systems._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Francis Bacon on Experiments - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 354
Experiment/Bacon/Gadamer: Bacon himself calls the method he demands an experimental one(1). It should be borne in mind, however, that the experiment in Bacon does not always mean the technical event of the natural scientist who artificially induces processes under isolating conditions and makes them measurable. Rather, experiment is also and above all the artful guidance of our mind, which is prevented from leaving itself to hasty generalizations, and which consciously varies the observations it makes of nature, consciously confronting the most remote, apparently most divergent cases, and thus learning to arrive at the axioms step by step and continuously by way of an exclusionary process(2). >Induction/Bacon; (Cf. >Thought Experiments).
1. F. Bacon, Nov. Org. 20ff cf. especially the „distributio operis«.
2. Ibid. 1,22, 08_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977