|Change, philosophy: changes consist in the alternation of the properties of an object in time. See also process, flux, motion, space time, four-dimensionalism, picture, representation, identity, temporal identity, identification, meaning change._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Bubner I, 169
Change/Aristotle: comprehending it represents the central problem to which theoretical and practical philosophy are devoted.
Good/Aristotle: at first, it seems as if it could only be considered as a goal in the sense of a causa finalis.
But, moreover, it still claims the position in the concept of the supreme being, to which metaphysics looks.
The argumentation which leads to the rational doctrine of God also proceeds from a general theory of motion.
What is required is the connection between all real things, insofar as it is to be seen as moving.
From the naturalistic point of view, God thus becomes a theoretical requirement.
Chorismos ("Separation")/Plato: leaves a gap between the eternal ideas and the changing world of the senses.
Kinesis/Aristotle: bridges this gap. (comes from Heraclitus).
Problem: How is the determination of the changeable possible at all?
Solution: Aristotle: by the four causes
Shape, material, whence of the movement, whereto of the movement.
This makes the fiction of a "second world" (of ideas) superfluous.
Movement/Aristotle: problem: overall context. The movement cannot have emerged from itself, it must be eternal. (To escape regress).
But this must now be followed by a principle that is more than a mere ability: a necessity.
From something that could also be different we do not gain any theoretical certainty.
Good/Aristotle: it is hidden in the special nature of a world principle, which cannot fail to provide a foundation for the overall context of the moving reality.
This all-bearing principle can exist only in a continuous realization without alternative, or in actuality (energeia).
Energeia/Aristotle: Reality, always completed, has no shortcomings. It occupies the highest rank.
Ousia/Aristotle: the underlying something of the interrelationship between reality and possibility.
For-the-Sake-of-Which/Aristotle: from the outset behind the term "good". It can only be applied about something or for something.
For something: endeavored or entelechy created in nature.
About something: not the goal of an endeavor, but the vanishing point of a system of reality considered as meaningful: "love"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
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