|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Bubner I, 169
Theory/Aristotle/Bubner: (= physics): deals with the changeable.
Metaphysics/Aristotle: deals with the unchanging which, in contrast to mathematical objects, is independent.
Practice/Aristotle: is concerned with the changeable, which does not have the reason of its movement in itself, but in the prohairesis of the agent or in the application of technical knowledge.
(Here there is no difference between practice and poiesis).
Feyerabend I 229
Theory/AristotlePythagoras/Feyerabend: mathematical harmonies are only regarded as signs of truth if they coincide with well-founded physical processes. (AristotleVs connection of all planets)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Against Method. Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, London/New York 1971
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997
Science in a Free Society, London/New York 1982
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979