Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
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Bubner I 174
Theology/Quest for Knowledge/Aristotle: thus a connection between both is produced.
God/Aristotle/Bubner: does not simply sit there as a pure principle, he represents the most perfect reality, completely fulfilled activity.
      This is how the philosopher approaches the life of God with his absolute arees (virtue).
I 175
Def Freedom/Aristotle: an activity that carries its own for-the-sake-of-which. Unity of thinking and thought. Unity of the highest theology with a successful life.
I 176
Politics/Aristotle: as long as man lives together with others, he cannot concentrate on the idle show, but must choose the "second best way" of the political actor.
I 178
Order/Aristotle: Purposeful order develops without practical intervention from the causa finalis.
I 179
Practice/Aristotle: must perform an orderly performance within the contingency.
The goal is never given, but must be actively introduced in the practical situation.
      The possibilities for action must be structured.
Def Prohairesis/Aristotle: the selection of the most appropriate means.
Politics/Aristotle: Politics only means realizing on a large scale what every concrete process of action already performs in the small.
Order/Aristotle: its enforcement belongs to the rational interest of all things. Otherwise, the world would fall into "episodes."
"Things do not want to be badly mastered".
Thus the "will" is attributed some kind of theological preference.
"Pluralismus is not good, only one should be the ruler."
      Rule: guarantee for reliable structures.
I 181
Order/Aristotle: is contained as a factor in being at large. Action would be futile without it.
The common denominator is rationality.
Recognition scans everything for the reasonable ground.
The world comes towards us from the side of order!
Def Action/Aristotle: means reaching the goal with meaning-oriented activity under conditions where everything might as well be different.
Order/Plato: Idea of ​​Good
Order/Aristotle: The ground, which allows to speak of good both in difference and in analogy to the practical philosophy. Our understanding finds a partner in the world.
Both Plato and Aristotle affirm the world as orderly.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992


> Counter arguments against Aristotle

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-23