|Laws of Nature, philosophy: laws of nature (physical laws) are descriptions of dependencies of physical quantities among each other. From the fact that these are descriptions, it follows that these are no regulations in the sense of e.g. legal regulations. N. Goodman suggests in “Fact, Fiction and Forecast” (1954) that natural laws should be formulated in the form of irreal conditional sentences (also known as counterfactual conditionals); If A were the case, B would have been the case. See also counterfactual conditionals, irreal conditionals, laws, lawlikeness, law statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Bubner I 129
Nomos/Physis/Laws of Nature/Antiquity: Nomos and physis are separated: Nomos: valid order, separated from
Physis: actually counters the concept of order (primitive).
With that the law acquires a character of coercion and arbitrariness (Sophists).
In "Gorgias" and "the State" Plato shows the special case of human life, where nature and legality coincide.
Causality/Aristotle: no causality in the modern sense: according to Aristotle, the reasons had to be known as true! This does not correspond to any law!_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992