Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Laws of Nature, philosophy: laws of nature (physical laws) are descriptions of dependencies of physical quantities among each other. From the fact that these are descriptions, it follows that these are no regulations in the sense of e.g. legal regulations. N. Goodman suggests in “Fact, Fiction and Forecast” (1954) that natural laws should be formulated in the form of irreal conditional sentences (also known as counterfactual conditionals); If A were the case, B would have been the case.
 
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Bubner I 129
Nomos/Physis/Laws of Nature/Antiquity: separated: Nomos: valid order, separated from
       Physis: actually counters the concept of order (primitive).
With that the law acquires a character of coercion and arbitrariness (Sophists).
In "Gorgias" and "the State" Plato shows the special case of human life, where nature and legality coincide.
Causality/Aristotle: no causality in the modern sense: according to Aristotle, the reasons had to be known as true! This does not correspond to any law!

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29