|Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Bubner I 149
Knowledge/Metaphysics/Aristotle/Bubner: to know truly and definitively requires the certainty that the knowledge has come to its full extent, by even recognizing that which is already existing knowledge. Such security cannot be determined from outside, it must be found in the knowledge itself.
Def Metaphysics/Aristotle/Bubner: is then the search for the knowledge that helps our entire knowledge to become independent from our own powers.
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Höffe I 52
Metaphysics/Aristoteles/Höffe: Aristotle puts [the] discipline [of] metaphysics at the top of all knowledge. The expression beyond (meta) natural things (physika), however, does not originate from himself, but from a later editor. Aristotle himself calls the responsible intellectual ability wisdom (sophia), its exercise theoria and the corresponding discipline "first philosophy" because of its rank. He develops this in a threefold form:
Firstly, metaphysics is for him a theory of general principles of thought, principles of thought which, like the theorem of contradiction, form the preconditions of all argumentation, even of all action.
Secondly, it is a doctrine of being as being, an ontology which examines the common structures and principles for objects of both the everyday world and the sciences.
After all, it is a science of that eternal and immovable, the divine, to which all movement in nature ultimately owes its existence. With this philosophical theology Aristotle criticizes the traditional popular religion and sketches a monotheism of unusual, cosmological form. >God/Aristotle._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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