Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Bubner, I, 164
Good/Something Good/Aristotle/Bubner: one of the most difficult problems: what role does good play in his metaphysics, practical or metaphysical good?

Metaphysics/Aristotle/Bubner: two main complexes:
1) general doctrine of being, modern: ontology,
            2) The doctrine of the highest being, which Aristotle himself calls theology.
The relationship between the two is problematic.
AristotleVsPlato: not ideas as explanation of the world, but historical development.
I 165
Good/Something Good/AristotleVsPlato: VsIdea of the good as the highest: even with friends one must cherish the truth as something "holy".
No practical benefit is to be achieved with the idealization of good.
Nicomachean Ethics: Theorem: The good is only present in the horizon of activities of all kind.
      "Good" means the qualification of goals for action, the for-the-sake-of-which.

Practice/Aristotle: No action is done for its own sake, with the exception of the game.
(s) Then victory is one step outside of the game.
Aristotle: otherwise, the goals would hinder the flow of practice only by virtue of their plurality through competition, blockades, undecidable alternatives, etc.. An order becomes necessary.
No for-the-sake-of-which is isolated, it rather points to a bigger one. The hierarchy, however, would be in vain if there was not a supreme good, which in turn can still be realized in practice.
I 166
The Highest Good/Aristotle: the unity of a successful life.
All the actors agree, because everyone wants to be happy. Of course this is interpreted differently.
      Lust, honor, money are external determinations.
      The sovereign form, on the other hand, lies in the philosophical way of life, i.e. in enlightened self-reflective practice.
Thus the problem of the highest knowledge posed by Plato, which legitimates the rule of the philosophers' king, is solved.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-07-10
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