Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Gadamer I 323
Law/Techne/Knowledge/Phronesis/Aristotle: [The user of laws] will have to let up on the strictness of the law in the concrete situation. But if the person does so, it is not because it does not work out better, but because it would not be right otherwise. By slackening the law a person does not make concessions to the law, but on the contrary, he or she finds the better law. Aristotle gives this the most definite expression in his analysis: "Epieikeia"(1) is correction of the law.(2)
Aristotle shows that all law is in a necessary tension to the concretion of action, as long as it is general and therefore cannot contain practical reality in its full concretion. Cf. >Morality/Aristotle, >Self-Knowledge/Aristotle, >Techne/Aristotle, >Phronesis/Aristotle.
Gadamer I 324
Gadamer: The law is always defective, not because it is defective itself, but because, in comparison with the order that the laws mean, human reality remains necessarily defective and therefore does not allow for a simple application of it. >Legal Hermeneutics/Gadamer, >Natural Laws/Aristotle, >Natural Justice/Aristotle.


1. Eth. Nic. E 14
2. Lex superior preferenda est inferiori (writes Melanchthon explaining the ratio of the Epieikeia. The oldest version of Melanchthon's Ethics, edited by H. Heineck (Berlin 1893 S. 29)).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-08-11
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