|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Wright I 17
Explanation/Aristotle/Galilei/Wright, G. H.: the difference between what is described as an explanation in the Aristotelian (teleological, purpose-oriented) or Galilean (causal or cause-oriented) tradition is not so much a difference in historical order as it is rather representing temporally coinciding groups of different theoretical views.
Sources: the loci classici are Galileis Dialoghi sui massimi sistemi tolemaico e copernicano, 1628 or Discorsi e dimonstrazioni matematiche intorno a due nuove scienze, 1638.
K. Lewin: „Der Übergang von der aristotelischen zur galileischen Denkweise in Biologie und Psychologie“, Erkenntnis 1 1930/31: According to Lewin it is not about personal nuances, but massive differences in the way of thinking that were decisive for actual research (...)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Truth and Objectivity, Cambridge 1992
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
"Language-Mastery and Sorites Paradox"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976
Georg Henrik von Wright
Explanation and Understanding, New York 1971
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008